Domestic violence service delivery emerged from feminist values and principles around empowerment and self-determination within a larger feminist analysis of systemic gender oppression in both the so-called public and private spheres.

Rather than continuing to put money, time, and effort into the criminal legal system which has failed to deter intimate partner violence, IPV policy should center economic, community, and public health solutions. Such solutions shift the focus of IPV policy from reaction to prevention and provide justice for people unwilling or unable to turn safely to state-based criminal punishment systems.