Intersections of race and class position people differently in the power-based hierarchy of sex and gender. For the ERA to achieve true equality for women of all races and classes, its implementation must address health disparities and the wage gap.
Constitutional questions persist after Virginia became the 38th state to ratify the ERA early in 2020. Can five states legally rescind their earlier ratifications? Does the seven-year ratification deadline set by Congress in 1978 still apply?
The way the Supreme Court interprets race equality as “colorblindness” should deeply concern ERA supporters, who hope the amendment would promote sex equality. In practice, the ERA would be worse than current law by restricting the government’s ability to address existing inequality.
As we approach the 100th anniversary of women’s suffrage in the United States, it’s time to secure constitutional underpinnings to protect Americans from sexual violence, pay inequity, pregnancy discrimination, and gender discrimination by passing the Equal Rights Amendment.
HUMPHREY SCHOOL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS
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Center on Women, Gender, and Public Policy
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